Electronics and Communication engineering is one of the old and the best course in the field of engineering. This article provides Career Guidance, Choices, Career development strategies, Job Opportunities, Salary and Skills Required in the field of Electronics and Communication for ECE, MSc Electronics students to make a successful career.
Electronics and Communication cover vast areas in the field of engineering. It is not possible for a person to become an expert in all the fields. So, one should choose one or two areas of interest from the list of sub fields given below, which is close to your heart. Also, to keep you updated about latest technologies and inventions in this domain, go through IEEE articles and Journals. Nowadays, a lot of Engineers after completing Electronics and Communication engineering course, opt for IT Jobs. Electronics engineers, who opt for IT jobs, can go through the article on Career Guidance for Computer Science Engineers.
Memory of last recession had a big impact on the type of careers we choose. It is wise to go for a career that can withstand market conditions like recession, rather than going for a career change at a later stage of your career. That doesn't mean that, we need to choose a career which we are not passionate about. So when you make a career choice, the choice should be interesting and reliable. In the following sections, we will look into various Career Opportunities, Choices and skills sets needed for Electronics and Communication engineers.
Where to start?
Engineers and MSc Electronics students get hired by companies during campus recruitment or during walk ins conducted directly by companies or by consulting firms. Since the number of openings for freshers in the field of Electronics and Communication is far less compared to the students passing out every year, it is very important for a budding engineer to get placed during campus recruitment and cross the first hurdle in your career.
Students can opt for higher studies, if you don't get placed during campus recruitment. Even if you get placed, to get noticed for your work as a fresher and get promoted is difficult, because companies hire freshers in large numbers. So, to give an incremental push to your career, it is good to have MS in Electronics and Communication. Learn all about MS Course and College Selection here. We will discuss about advantages of Higher Education in later sections.
While choosing colleges for Engineering or MS in Electronics and Communication, look for colleges which offers highest placement. Another important aspect, while choosing a college is the lab facility they offer. Unlike computer science, which requires only computers and softwares, ECE departments require extensive electronics circuits, microprocessor and communications lab. Hands on experience in labs will help you get a good exposure in this field. So, make a detailed enquiry about the lab facility before joining.
How to get hired during Campus or off Campus Recruitment?
Placement takes place during penultimate year or final year of the course. If you didn't get placed during campus recruitment, try to get jobs via consultancies or during off Campus recruitment. Placements are done in two stages. In the first stage, there will be Aptitude Test and Technical Test. So you should be well trained in aptitude test. Please refer, Aptitude test tips and tricks to solve aptitude test questions quickly.
Technical Test will be mainly based on Electronics, Circuit Design, Communication, Microprocessor and digital electronics. You should try out executing Microprocessor programs rather than learning from books. This will helps you to get hands on experience and helps you answer questions about troubleshooting, execution methodology and program solving skills.
Based on the performance in the first stage, you will be selected to the second stage. In the second stage, there will be Group Discussion (GD) followed by Face to Face Technical Interview and HR Interview. In the group discussion, make sure that you are active and crisp in conveying your ideas. Please don't enforce your ideas on others during the GD. Technical interview will be based on what you have learned in your course. Interviewer look's for your knowledge on a topic as well as your level of confidence. HR Interview will be based on your personality.
If you are not getting placed, try for internships. Internship helps you gain experience and get paid.
Choosing right company for a bright Career?
Electronics and Communication Products and Solutions are used in various industries across the world. Major Industries which offer Jobs for ECE engineers are
- Consumer Electronics
- Solid State Physics
- Control systems
- Mobile Companies
- Electronics Circuit Design
- Signal processing
- Wireless Communication
- Optical Communication
- Embedded Systems
- Analog electronics
- Digital electronics
- Power Electronics
TOP Companies which offer JOBS for ECE engineers are
- Texas Instruments
- Samsung Electronics
- Philips Semiconductors
- LG Electronics
- Bharat Heavy Electricals’ Limited (BHEL)
- Electronics Corporation of India Limited (ECIL)
- National Thermal Power Corporation (NTPC)
Skill Set required for getting Jobs
In order to get Jobs in the above companies, one should have following skill sets
|JOB Category||Required Skill Set||Job Openings|
|VLSI||Verilog and VHDL||VLSI Jobs|
|Circuit Design||Electronics Circuit Design Basics||Circuit Design Jobs|
|Chip Design||Transistor Process technology , Microprocessors||Embedded Jobs|
|Mobile Communications||Network Switching, Communication Basics, Voice over Internet protocols and interactive voice recognition||Telecom Jobs|
|Networking||CCNA or CCNP Certification.||CCNA CCNP Jobs|
So, it will be wise if you choose your final year academic projects in any of these fields. By doing so, you will have a greater expertise and hands on experience.
Electronics and Communication Engineering Salary
First thing that comes to the mind of electronics student are, how much I can earn from the job. Salaries differ based on the companies you get placed. Big MNC's like Texas Instruments offer salaries in the range of INR 60,000 – 120,000 per month. Indian companies offer salaries in the range of of INR 30,000 – 60,000 per month. If you get placed in US or Europe, salaries are in the range of 2,500$ – 4000$ per month. Based on your talent and experience, salaries can vary.
Higher Education Opportunities for Electronics and Communication Students
There is a lot of scope for students doing M.S or M.Tech in the field of electronics and communication. Having masters will certainly improve your career prospects and help you get hired by top MNC's. Governments across the globe are spending millions of dollars in this field for research and development. So, scope for doing Ph.D. in these fields is a risk worth taking. You will get scholarships and financial aid to do PhD from various government and non-government organizations. If you planning to do MS or PhD programs in US, you had to go through GRE and TOEFL exams. For M.Tech, you should score high in GATE exams.
Major Universities which offer MS are
Top Universities for MS, Ph.D.,
- Massachusetts Institute of Technology
- MA Stanford University
- University of California
- University of Illinois
- California Institute of Technology
- Georgia Institute of Technology
- GA University of Michigan
- Carnegie Mellon University Pittsburgh
- NY Princeton University